5 Strategies for Effective Stakeholder Management
In the age of social media activism and online media, effective stakeholder management is more important than ever.
The influence of stakeholders on your project can be immense, and if not managed correctly, could lead to project delays, resource drain, political intervention or project termination.
Worldcom partners at Phillips Group argue that effective identification, understanding and management of your stakeholders, their triggers and their expectations will improve your ability to reduce risk, tailor mitigation measures and deliver a successful project.
Phillips Group identifies five specific strategies that will aid in stakeholder management:
1. Stakeholder mapping
Early in the project, conduct a thorough stakeholder analysis to identify your stakeholders. Identify and examine key factors including proximity to your project, demographics, interest in the project, needs and concerns, expectations of your project and any previous public statements.
Also important is gaining an understanding of your internal stakeholders, such as immediate staff, suppliers and contractors, broader companies or alliances and shareholders. Mapping your internal stakeholders will allow you to investigate whether you have the right resources and whether your team will function effectively.
2. Influence is key
Understanding levels of influence will allow you to predict how a particular stakeholder may interact directly with your project team or with others. The range of possible influence is broad, from positive sentiment and support through to activism and engagement of other community members against your project.
To measure the possible influence of your stakeholders, identify their level on a scale ranking from high, medium to low:
High: indicates a stakeholder who has significant power to impact decisions, timeframes, or outcomes.
Medium: indicates a stakeholder with a significant interest in the project, however with a lower level of power to effect project change.
Low: indicates a stakeholder with little ability to change project outcomes.
3. Identify the triggers
Stakeholders will react in different ways to different project actions, however by identifying triggers and mitigation measures, you can avoid preventable complaints. Often, it is when stakeholders experience changes to their environment or expectations of a business and its behaviour that may cause a reaction.
Correlate your stakeholder list with potential known triggers, such as loud or dusty construction works, visual amenity impacts or disruptions to their normal patterns. Estimate the impact that these reactions may have to your project or strategies and identify whether targeted communication, mitigation or an alternative solution is required.
Want to learn the other stakeholder management strategies from Phillips Group? Read their 5 strategies for effective stakeholder management blog post. Or, learn more with their post 3 Insights for Positive Stakeholder Engagement.
Phillips Group is an award winning, strategic Public Relations, Communications, Digital Marketing and Creative company based in Brisbane, Queensland. Since 1976, Phillips Group has provided their expertise in Corporate, Infrastructure, Energy & Resources, Public Sector and Stakeholder Engagement to clients.